Chabahar Agreement

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The Chabahar agreement is good, but it will not solve South Asia`s problems on November 24, 2013 – the interim nuclear deal. Iran and the P5-1 countries agree on a limited reduction in sanctions against Iran and a commitment not to impose new sanctions. In exchange, Iran agrees to freeze its nuclear program. History: The inauguration on 7 July of a railway project at the Iranian port of Chabahar in Zahedan, on the border with Afghanistan, has ensured that Chabahar – which literally means “four seasons,” named after its salutary time, finds itself in the middle of a storm over the fate of Indian investment. The proposed port along Iran`s southern coast in Sistan-Baluchistan province has been part of talks between New Delhi and Tehran since the first development agreement was reached in 2003. Ircon International Limited (IRCON) was involved in the rail project, although India moved quickly to develop port facilities in Chabahar. Over the years, the Chabahar project has grown to include a port, a free trade area, the 628 km railway line to Zahedan, and then the 1,000 km line to Sarakhs, on the border with Turkmenistan. July 14, 2015 – Nuclear agreement with Iran. Iran and the P5-1 countries agree on Iran`s nuclear program. The agreement provides for the lifting of sanctions after Iran has complied with the terms of the agreement. The rail project, which was discussed between the Iranian Railways and the State Indian Railways Construction Ltd (IRCON), is expected to be part of India`s commitment to the trilateral agreement between India, Iran and Afghanistan to build an alternative trade route to Afghanistan and Central Asia. India and Iran first agreed in 2003 on plans to develop the shahid Beheshti port, but not because of sanctions against Iran.

[4] From 2016, the port has ten berths. [1] In May 2016, India and Iran signed a bilateral agreement in which India was to clean up one of the berths at Shahid Beheshti port and rebuild a 600-metre-long container transfer facility in the port. [5] The port is supposed to offer part of the alternative to trade between India and Afghanistan, as it is 800 kilometres from the border with Afghanistan compared to the Pakistani port of Karachi. [6] In 2015, the port processed 2.1 million tonnes of cargo[7] which is expected to be reequipped to 8.5 million tonnes by 2016 and 86 million tonnes in the future. [8] [9] After the reintroduction of sanctions against Iran, foreign companies were reluctant to participate in the expansion of the port[10] and only 10% of the port`s total capacity of 8.5 million tonnes was used in 2019. [11] Sanctions also played a role in reducing India`s commitment and investments in the Chabahar-Zahedan Railway by $1.6 billion. [12] In keeping with its desire to be seen as an important regional player, Iran has taken the initiative to cooperate with all neighbouring countries to improve Chabahar`s transit potential. It signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Afghanistan and Tajikistan for the construction of railways, water lines and energy transport. She was very interested in extending the Khvaf-Herat railway line to connect it to the railways of Central Asia, Turkey and Europe. It has reached an agreement with Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan for the establishment of a transport corridor between these countries.

In addition to Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Oman, Syria, India and Central Asian countries, it is also an important partner in the North-South International Corridor (INSTC), which aims to link South Asian and Central Asian countries to Northern Europe via Iran and Russia. With regard to shabahar in particular, Iran considered it a turnkey port to connect India with Afghanistan and Central Asian countries.