Agreement Percentage

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At the Yalta Conference (February 1945), Roosevelt proposed that the issues raised in the percentage agreement be decided by the new United Nations. Stalin was appalled because he wanted a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. [82] It was not until 1958 that Soviet historians recognized Churchill`s account in triumph and tragedy and denied it only to deny it. [69] Soviet diplomat Igor Zemskov wrote in the historical journal Mezhdunarodnaya zhizn that Churchill`s assertion of a percentage agreement was a baseless “sordid and rude” lie and said that Stalin had not made such an offer that it would have refused if it had been made. [69] The accusation that Stalin coldly and cynically abandoned the EAM, which was able to retake all of Greece in October 1944, proved damaging to his reputation in left-wing circles. Some historians, including Gabriel Kolko and Geoffrey Roberts, believe that the importance of the agreement is overstated. [70] Kolko writes: As Churchill saw, the agreement was very favourable to Great Britain, because the EAM largely controlled Greece, which Stalin accepted as an area of British influence, while Britain in turn recognized Bulgaria and Romania, which already occupied the Red Army, as in the Soviet sphere of influence. [74] From a British perspective, Greece, in the British sphere of influence, put an end to any possibility that the EAM could take power and then give the Soviet Union bases in Greece, whose situation made that nation the key to control of the eastern Mediterranean, which was far more important to Churchill than the rest of the Balkans. [76] The fact that Roosevelt did not share Churchill`s enthusiasm for the restoration of King George II as King of Greece was a decisive factor in securing his own agreement with Stalin on Greece and excluding the Americans. [77] Churchill feared that if Roosevelt was involved in discussions about the future of Greece, the Americans might side with the Soviets and agree to recognize the EAM as a legitimate government of Greece. [78] During the dekemvriana fighting in Athens, Roosevelt made a statement rejecting the British eAM fighters, and privately stated that he was appalled by the way the British openly recruited the collaborative security battalions that had loyally served Nazi Germany to fight with them the EAM. [79] Similarly, American media coverage of the Dekemvriana was largely hostile to the British, with American journalists criticizing Churchill for recruiting security battalions to fight for the unpopular King George.

[79] In response to American assertions that Britain is making a “policy of power” in Greece, he took it into a speech: “What is power politics?… Is a navy twice as big as any other navy in world power politics? Is the world`s largest air force, with bases in all parts of world power politics? Do we have all the gold in the politics of world power? If that is the case, we are certainly not guilty of these offences, I must unfortunately say.